For Vietnamese, wedding ceremony is a single of a few most significant factors to do all one's daily life. Thank to the diversity in culture of 54 unique ethnic minority groups inhabiting Vietnam, wedding ceremonies are also held in different ways in distinctive ethnic groups and Cham persons, is just one of 54 Vietnam ethnic teams, has marriage ceremony ceremonies held in a exclusive way.
When the closing day of the Ramadan festival ends (in mid-Oct), you will see only ladies, adult males and youngsters on the paths of a Cham village in An Giang. Cham girls aged 12 and 13 are kept at residence. Gusts of autumn wind and the rain in this province on the southeast border provide me a torrent of indescribable emotion. Laughter and congratulations echo from somewhere, supplying notice that the wedding ceremony season has arrived.
The Cham folks in An Giang are living primarily in Tan Chau, Phu Tan and An Phu districts in Chau Doc metropolis, alongside the banks of the Chau Giang river, the 2nd greatest town at the headwaters of the Hau river. The Cham persons are living and do the job beneath the creed of Islam, which is greatest demonstrated in their wedding ceremony customs.
Strangers are pretty seldom invited to a Cham wedding ceremony. But I am a pal of a Chairwoman of the Womens Association in Chau Phong commune of Tan Chau district, so I was invited to show up at the marriage ceremony of her relative. This was the initial time I experienced attended a wedding of the Cham people today and I was the only Kinh human being at the wedding day.
A wedding of the Cham folks in An Giang lasts for a few times.
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The bride and groom beautify their residence on the initially working day. The rituals to prepare the groom and the bride to enter spouse and children everyday living are held on the second day. The 3rd day is the most important. The wedding is held in the mosque and the groom goes to the bride's house.
Rituals for the groom in the mosque
The tea party and singing performances very last right until 1 a.m., and in the early morning all the individuals in the groom's get together are existing to show up at the ceremony. At six a.m., everybody, all dressed in formal costume, accompany the groom in standard Cham costume to the mosque. There are only adult males (females are not allowed in the mosque) and a few young children carrying 3 bins. In the packing containers are betel, areca and lime in the to start with box, rice and salt in the 2nd box, cakes and fruit in the third box. The groom is shaded from the sun with a colorful parasol over his head. Villagers hurry to attend the ceremony and noisily go over it. The groom is taken to the mosque on foot, not by motorbike or by car.
On the way to the mosque, flutes or drums are played and individuals sing collectively. On arrival at the mosque the groom sits opposite to the bride's father. There are two elders, who lead a extremely ethical lifetime, who witness the ceremony. An imam reads from the Koran, telling the groom about the obligations of a husband beneath Islamic polices. Then the bride's father shakes the groom's hand and suggests: "I marry my daughter, Mahriem to you, Sarol, with I tael of gold and 5 million". Right after that anyone prays for the fantastic overall health and happiness of the couple. The ceremony lasts for only about fifteen minutes in the mosque.
Getting the groom to the bride's dwelling
The Cham persons in An Giang observe matriarchal customs, so they get the groom to the bride's residence, in its place of using the bride to the groom's dwelling as the Kinh people do. From the mosque, the groom is taken to the bride's residence. Below all people stands on the floor, then 1 particular person of the bride's family comes to acquire the groom to the bride's home.
The wedding day space is wonderfully decorated. There are 3 children keeping a few boxes in their hands who accompany the groom. The bride is fantastically made up and dressed in classic costume. She sits on the bed, waiting around for the groom. On coming into the room, the groom sits following to the bride and spots 3 boxes in entrance of her. Frankincense is burnt. The gals and ladies in the bride's relatives pray for joy for the newlyweds.
At this time, the groom usually takes 1 of 3 prolonged haipins from the bride's hair then places them in her hand. This demonstrates that the bride is now his spouse. Then the groom changes into costume provided by the bride and will come out of the space to greet the bride's household. Following that, they return to the groom's family. The bride goes with an aunt of the groom's household to greet the family members (the aunt occur to the bride's spouse and children prior to the groom receives there).